Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management

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Marine Spatial Plans for the Gulf of Bothnia, the Baltic Sea and the Skagerrak/Kattegat: National planning in Sweden’s territorial waters and exclusive economic zone. 2022
Responsible organisation
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sweden produces three marine spatial plans – one for the Gulf of Bothnia, one for the Baltic Sea and one for the Skagerrak/Kattegat. A marine spatial plan provides guidance about what the best uses of the sea are. Marine spatial plans guide national authorities, municipalities and the courts in future decisions, planning, and licensing examinations. Traders can also obtain guidance from the plan.

Marine spatial plans are intended to contribute to long-term sustainable development. They are intended to reconcile business policy objectives, social objectives and environmental objectives.

Marine spatial plans contain guidance on most appropriate use. The use or uses specified for one area take precedence over other uses. In large parts of the sea, different uses can coexist if they adapt to each other. Marine spatial plans provide guidance on which use or uses take precedence and what adaptation is necessary.

Marine spatial plans specify thirteen uses: 

  • electricity transmission 
  • energy extraction
  • investigation area for energy extraction
  • defence
  • general use
  • culture
  • nature
  • recreation
  • sand extraction
  • investigation area for sand extraction
  • shipping
  • possible shipping
  • commercial fishing. 

Marine spatial plans also specify areas where particular consideration has to be paid to high nature values, high cultural landscape values, or to the interests of Sweden’s total defence.

Proposals for uses are based on tradeoffs and appropriateness assessments considering location, characteristics and needs. National interests and other public interests are important when making tradeoffs.

The consequences of marine spatial plans are assessed from ecological, economic and social perspectives. Assessments of consequences are carried out in parallel with and as an integral part of planning. Consequences are additionally analysed in a separate environmental impact assessment and a separate sustainability assessment.

Marine spatial planning is based on laws, regulations, societal goals, reports of different kinds, and not least on the extensive dialogue that the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management has held with affected stakeholders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg, 2022. , p. 266
Keywords [sv]
hav, havsplaner, ekosystem, Bottniska viken, Östersjön, Västerhavet
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:havochvatten:diva-660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:havochvatten-660DiVA, id: diva2:1861061
Available from: 2024-05-27 Created: 2024-05-27 Last updated: 2024-05-27

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Oceanography, Hydrology and Water ResourcesEnvironmental Sciences

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1112131415161714 of 17
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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