Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management

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Baltic Sea – Our Common Treasure: Economics of Saving the Sea
Perfomers of environmental monitoring, Universities, Stockholm University, SU, Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Perfomers of environmental monitoring, Universities, Stockholm University, SU, Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Perfomers of environmental monitoring, Universities, Stockholm University, SU, Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Perfomers of environmental monitoring, Universities, Stockholm University, SU, Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Responsible organisation
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

BalticSTERN (Systems Tools and Ecological-economic evaluation – a Research Network) is a research network with partners in all countries around the Baltic Sea.

The aim of the network is to combine ecological and economic models to make cost-benefit analyses and identify cost-effective measures to improve the environmental state of the Sea.

Results from BalticSTERN research during the period of 2009-2012 is presented in this final report aimed at decision makers. Supplementing this final report there are Background Papers (BG Papers), published on the BalticSTERN website and on the website of the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management.

This final report gives an overview and presents main results, while the BG Papers explore policy and research questions, as well as methods and results in more detail. Focus is on eutrophication, but some case studies on fish and fishery, oil spills and invasive species have also been undertaken within BalticSTERN and are discussed in a wider perspective in this report.

Abstract [sv]

BalticSTERN-rapporten är den första storskaliga kostnad-vinst-analys som gjorts för en internationell miljööverenskommelse, Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP). Analysen omfattar beräknade kostnader och vinster för varje enskild östersjöstat.

Analyserna har genomförts av BalticSTERNs forskningsnätverk, ett nätverk med forskare från alla länder runt Östersjön. Forskningsnätverket kombinerar socio-ekonomiska och ekologiska modeller för kostnad-vinstanalyser och för att hitta de mest kostnadseffektiva åtgärderna för att nå BSAPs målsättningar.

Resultaten från forskningen inom BalticSTERN under perioden 2009-2012 finns i föreliggande rapport  "Baltic Sea – Our Common Treasure, Economics of Saving the Sea”.

Minskad övergödning

Kostnad-vinstanalysen som genomförts av BalticSTERNs forskningsnätverk, visar att minskad övergödning av Östersjön ger stora samhällsvinster för alla stater  i Östersjöområdet. Medborgare från de nio Östersjöstaterna är beredda att betala 3 800 miljoner euro årligen för ett mindre övergött Östersjön, och uppnå de reduktionsmål som finns i BSAP.

Kostnaderna för att nå BSAPs reduktionsmål är beräknat till 2 300 miljoner euro årligen i kostnadseffektiva åtgärder. Om man tillämpar de allokeringar av kvoter enligt BSAP, ökar kostnaderna med 500 miljoner euro, och totalkostnaden blir då 2 800 miljoner euro. Vinsterna överstiger kostnaderna för att nå BSAPs reduktionsmål med 1 000 – 1 500 miljoner euro årligen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Havs- och vattenmyndigheten, 2013. , p. 71
Series
Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management report ; 2013:4
Keywords [en]
Baltic Sea, cost-benefit analysis, eutrophication, socio-economic, ecology, resilience, management, eutrophication, fisheries, invasive species, oil spills, cost-effective, measures, models, decision-makers, policy, environmental problems, Ecological-economic valuation, hypoxia, algal blooms, public attitudes, scenarios, cyanobacteria, economy, HELCOM, Baltic Sea Action Plan, targets, values, ecosystem services, country allocation, welfare gain, action, non-action, policy instruments
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Finance, National
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:havochvatten:diva-535ISBN: 978-91-87025-28-0 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:havochvatten-535DiVA, id: diva2:1681649
Available from: 2022-07-07 Created: 2022-07-07 Last updated: 2022-07-07

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